Vehicle Types

 

The battery electric vehicle (BEV)

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Battery electric vehicle (BEV), pure electric vehicle, only-electric vehicle or all-electric vehicle is a type of electric vehicle that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of internal combustion engines for propulsion.

A battery electric vehicle (BEV), pure electric vehicle, only-electric vehicle or all-electric vehicle is a type of electric vehicle that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of internal combustion engines for propulsion.


Other, fuel-dependent electric vehicles

There are other types of electric vehicle, which rely on various types of fuel:

Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV)

A fuel cell vehicle (FCV) or fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) is a type of electric vehicle which uses a hydrogen fuel cell, instead of a battery, or in combination with a battery or super-capacitor, to power its on-board electric motor. Fuel cells in vehicles generate electricity to power the motor, generally using oxygen from the air and compressed hydrogen.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is a hybrid electric vehicle whose battery can be recharged by plugging it into an external source of electric power, as well by its on-board engine and generator.

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drive-train). The presence of the electric power-train is intended to achieve either better fuel economy than a conventional vehicle or better performance.


 

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Chad Warner